General information about the Philippines

These information below serves as a mini guide to our foreign students who will be studying and travelling to the Philippines for the first time.



The Philippines is located in the Southeast Asian region. It is bounded by the South China Sea on the West and the Philippine Sea on the East.



Official Name: Republic of the Philippines


The currency is PHP (Philippine Peso). Paper notes come in P20, P50, P100, P200, P500 and P1000 denominations, while we also have coins in 5c, 10c, 25c, P1, P5 and P10.



Exchange rate: 50.00 PHP (As of September, 2017)




Population: 103.3 million (As of 2016)




International dialing code: 0063





Capital City: Metro Manila



Islands: 7641




Highest point: Mount Apo, 2954m



Geography divided into: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao




Form of government: Presidential system




Head of the State
President Rodrigo Roa Duterte (term: 2016- 2022)




National Language: Filipino, English
The official language is English, though the national language is Filipino.




How to Get Here?
International flights enter the Philippines through Manila, Clark or Cebu. Manila, is through the Philippine Airlines. It has sea ports for major international carriers and cruise liners. There are regular flights from Japan, Singapore, Australia, Hong Kong and the United States etc.



What to Wear
If you just want to go around the city, light casual clothes with cotton and tropical clothing is advisable. If you plan to visit mountain regions, you should wear warmer garments. In attending formal occasions, the Philippine barong Tagalog can be worn or a tie and suit would be fine.


Majority of Filipinos are predominantly Catholic followed by Islam and Protestantism etc. The number of Christianity are 92%, Islam are 5.57%, while 2.43% are the others.


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